Mind Matters

Multiple sclerosis – Is there any cure for Multiple sclerosis?

Multiple sclerosis (MS) affects a person all of a sudden. It can strike any individual, any time. It can be relatively less dangerous to moderately severe to highly severe depending on its intensity. Fundamentally the connection between the brain and other parts of the body is affected. The myelin sheath, insulating the neuron and ensuring proper information transfer in nervous system gets depleted in this disease.

Causes of multiple sclerosis

Some of the evidence suggest that it is an autoimmune disorder. In autoimmune disorders immune system of the body attacks its own cells as a measure of defence.

Symptoms of multiple sclerosis

The initial symptoms of the multiple sclerosis include the following:

  • Blurred or double vision
  • Red-green colour distortion
  • Blindness in one eye
  • Muscle weakness in their extremities
  • Difficulty with coordination and balance

Advanced symptoms of multiple sclerosis

The following are some of the advanced symptoms of multiple sclerosis:

  • Impaired walking or even standing
  • Partial or complete paralysis
  • Paresthesias (abnormal sensation of the skin)
  • Transitory abnormal sensory feelings such as numbness
  • Prickling or “pins and needles” sensations
  • Pain
  • Speech impediments
  • Tremors
  • Dizziness
  • Hearing loss
  • Cognitive impairments (Problems with concentration, attention, memory)

Depression due to limitation in mobility and compromised life style is also a problem.

Treatment for multiple sclerosis

There is no specific cure for multiple sclerosis. Quite a good number of patients are not given any medication at all. Medication for multiple sclerosis has serious side effects.

The following are the Food and Drug Administration (FDI) approved medication for treating MS:

  • Three forms of beta interferons (Avonex, Betaseron, and Rebif)
  • Myelin basic protein, copolymer I (Copaxone)
  • Immunosuppressent, Novantrone (mitoxantrone)
  • Monoclonal antibody, Natalizumab (Tysabri)
  • Steroids (reduce the duration and severity of attacks)
  • Tranquillisers (baclofen, tizanidine, diazepam, clonazepam, and dantrolene) to reduce stiffness

Clinical management of multiple sclerosis

There are a few measures which are suggested for coping with the disease. Physiotherapy and other exercises are recommended in order to preserve the remaining functional ability. Apart form this aids, like foot braces, canes, and walkers are also quite useful in increasing the mobility and make the patient feel independent.

Curbing the fatigue

The patient suffers with lot of physiological and psychological fatigue. Physiological fatigue can be reduced by avoiding excessive activity and heat. Psychological fatigue can be reduced by giving antidepressants.

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