Cerebral Palsy – Causes and Risk Factors
Cerebral palsy is a major neurodevelopment disorder. Cerebral palsy results when certain parts of the developing brain get affected. This occurs during the initial stages of brain development when the child is still in the mother’s womb, passing though the birth canal. Some times this may also occur in the first few years of life. In most of the cases the reason behind the brain damage is still a mystery, though hypoxia (less oxygen) in the mother’s womb was once a popularly sighted cause.
What are the Major Types of Cerebral Palsy?
Cerebral palsy symptoms usually manifest themselves during three different stages.
Perinatal Cerebral Palsy : The current research trends show that only 10% of the cases are perinatal ( defects occurring during the birth). This occurs when the foetus is about to develop.
Prenatal Cerebral Palsy : At lease 70-80 % symptoms start manifesting themselves prior to the birth. This occurs during the foetal development.
Postnatal Cerebral Palsy : A very less number of cases occur in which the symptoms occur after the birth. In these cases symptoms begin manifesting themselves in the first few years of life.
What are the General Risk Factor that Result in Cerebral Palsy ?
General risk factors include the following:
- Seizures Disorder
- Thyroid Disorder
- Medical problems of Pregnant mother
- Birth defects of brain ( spinal chord, head face)
- Pulmonary defects
- Inborn Errors of metabolism
- Rh factor incompatibility (difference of blood between mother and foetus)
- Usually severe jaundice due to birth
- Multiple births (Twins, triplets etc.,)
- Cerebral Bleeding in the early in life